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Skinks Skinks

Overview

Generally skinks have smooth scales (in some species scales may be somewhat iridescent), often lack necks, and legs may be relatively small, reduced or lacking. Several genera have fewer than five toes (digits) on each foot. As a general rule, the longer the digits, the more arboreal the species is likely to be. In species with reduced limbs, their locomotion resembles that of snakes.

Most species of skinks have long, tapering tails, which can be shed if predators grab onto them and which can generally be regenerated, though imperfectly. Species with stumpy tails have no special regenerative abilities.

Skinks are generally carnivorous and in particular insectivorous. Typical prey includes flies, crickets, grasshoppers, beetles and caterpillar and for some species may include earthworms, millipedes, snails, slugs, isopods. other lizards, and small rodents. Skinks use their tongues to sniff the air and track their prey. They can chase down prey until they corner it or manage to land a bite and then swallow it whole.

Most spend their time underground where they are mostly safe from predators, and a common characteristic is digging and burrowing. Often they dig out tunnels for easy navigation.

Currently there are about 1500 species of skink worldwide, and in Australia about 33 genera and 320 species. However taxonomic research is constantly revising the classification of species.

There is some agreement that skinks consist of three broad branches (clads): Egernia Group (including local genera Cyclodomorphus, Egernia, Liopholis and Tiliqua), Eugongylus Group (including Acritoscincus, Carlia, Mentia, Morethia, Niveoscincus, Nannoscincus, Pseudemoia and Saproscincus), and Sphenomorphus Group (Ctenotus, Eulamprus and Hemiergis).

Page 1 of Skinks - 27 species

Skink Acritoscincus duperreyi (Eastern Three-lined Skink)

Acritoscincus duperreyi
Acritoscincus duperreyi
Acritoscincus duperreyi
Acritoscincus duperreyi
Acritoscincus duperreyi
Acritoscincus duperreyi

Skink Acritoscincus platynota (Red-throated Skink)

Acritoscincus platynota Max Campbell, Jindabyne
Acritoscincus platynota

Skink Anepischetosia maccoyi (Maccoy's Skink, Mulch Skink)

Anepischetosia maccoyi Mulch Skink-Depot Beach photo by Andrew CB
Anepischetosia maccoyi

Skink Concinnia tenuis (Bar-sided Forest-skink)

Concinnia tenuis Max Campbell, Tura Beach
Concinnia tenuis

More information

Skink Cryptoblepharus pulcher (Fence Skink)

Cryptoblepharus pulcher Fence Skink (Sydney Basin specimen)
Cryptoblepharus pulcher

Skink Ctenotus robustus (Robust Striped-skink)

Ctenotus robustus
Ctenotus robustus
Ctenotus robustus
Ctenotus robustus
Ctenotus robustus
Ctenotus robustus

Skink Ctenotus taeniolatus (Copper-tailed Skink)

Ctenotus taeniolatus
Ctenotus taeniolatus
Ctenotus taeniolatus
Ctenotus taeniolatus
Ctenotus taeniolatus
Ctenotus taeniolatus

Skink Cyclodomorphus michaeli (Mainland She-oak Skink)

Cyclodomorphus michaeli Mainland She-oak Skink - Blue Mountains specimen
Cyclodomorphus michaeli Mainland She-oak Skink - Blue Mountains specimen
Cyclodomorphus michaeli
Cyclodomorphus michaeli

Skink Egernia cunninghami (Cunningham's Skink)

Egernia cunninghami
Egernia cunninghami
Egernia cunninghami
Egernia cunninghami
Egernia cunninghami
Egernia cunninghami

Skink Egernia saxatilis (Black Rock-skink)

Egernia saxatilis
Egernia saxatilis
Egernia saxatilis
Egernia saxatilis

Skink Eulamprus heatwolei (Yellow-bellied Water-skink)

Eulamprus heatwolei
Eulamprus heatwolei
Eulamprus heatwolei
Eulamprus heatwolei

Skink Eulamprus quoyii (Eastern Water-skink)

Eulamprus quoyii
Eulamprus quoyii
Eulamprus quoyii
Eulamprus quoyii
Eulamprus quoyii
Eulamprus quoyii

Skink Eulamprus sp. (Water Skink)

Eulamprus sp.
Eulamprus sp.

Skink Eulamprus tympanum (Southern Water-skink)

Eulamprus tympanum note unbroken pale front edge of tympanum (ear hole)
Eulamprus tympanum
Eulamprus tympanum
Eulamprus tympanum

Skink Hemiergis decresiensis (Three-toed Skink)

Hemiergis decresiensis
Hemiergis decresiensis
Hemiergis decresiensis
Hemiergis decresiensis
Hemiergis decresiensis
Hemiergis decresiensis

Skink Lampropholis delicata (Delicate Skink)

Lampropholis delicata
Lampropholis delicata
Lampropholis delicata
Lampropholis delicata
Lampropholis delicata
Lampropholis delicata

Skink Lampropholis guichenoti (Common Garden Skink)

Lampropholis guichenoti
Lampropholis guichenoti
Lampropholis guichenoti
Lampropholis guichenoti
Lampropholis guichenoti
Lampropholis guichenoti

Skink Lampropholis sp. (Grass Skink)

Lampropholis sp.
Lampropholis sp.

Skink Liopholis whitii (White's Skink)

Liopholis whitii
Liopholis whitii
Liopholis whitii
Liopholis whitii
Liopholis whitii
Liopholis whitii

Skink Lygisaurus foliorum (Tree-base Litter-skink)

More information

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Conservation Level

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Invasiveness

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