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Snakes Snakes

Overview

Elapids or front-fanged or fixed-fang snakes, are characterized by hollow, fixed fangs through which they inject venom into their victims. Most are highly dangerous to humans. Worldwide there are 65 genera and 325 species of elapid. The shortest is 18cm (Drysdalia) and the longest 5.6m (king cobra). There has been a great amount of instability of the nomenclature of many Australian snake taxa, particularly concerning the generic classification of the smaller elapids, some of which have been placed in several different genera in the last few decades. Further genetic research may lead to more changes.

While we may quote maximum length for snakes, they grow throughout their lives and most never reach the maximum length.

Most elapids or front fang snakes and are highly venomous. Fatalities have resulted from the bite of three of the local species. Generally snakes are shy timid animals but may react if cornered or defending a nest. It is advised that when photographing snakes do not approach any closer than three metres. The vast majority of snake-bites occur when people are trying to catch or kill snakes so don’t. Wear boots and loose trousers, and possibly gaiters, when out in the bush and don’t put your hands in places that you can’t see them.

Snakes - 17 species

Snake Acanthophis antarcticus (Common Death Adder)

Acanthophis antarcticus red colour form
Acanthophis antarcticus grey colour form
Acanthophis antarcticus
Acanthophis antarcticus

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Snake Austrelaps ramsayi (Highlands Copperhead)

Austrelaps ramsayi
Austrelaps ramsayi
Austrelaps ramsayi
Austrelaps ramsayi
Austrelaps ramsayi
Austrelaps ramsayi

Snake Austrelaps superbus (Lowland Copperhead)

Austrelaps superbus Jackie Miles, Nadgee Moor
Austrelaps superbus

Snake Cacophis squamulosus (Golden-crowned Snake)

Snake Cryptophis nigrescens (Eastern Small-eyed Snake)

Cryptophis nigrescens
Cryptophis nigrescens
Cryptophis nigrescens
Cryptophis nigrescens
Cryptophis nigrescens
Cryptophis nigrescens

Snake Demansia psammophis (Yellow-faced Whipsnake)

Demansia psammophis
Demansia psammophis
Demansia psammophis
Demansia psammophis
Demansia psammophis
Demansia psammophis

Snake Drysdalia coronoides (White-lipped Snake)

Drysdalia coronoides
Drysdalia coronoides
Drysdalia coronoides
Drysdalia coronoides
Drysdalia coronoides
Drysdalia coronoides

Snake Drysdalia rhodogaster (Mustard-bellied Snake)

Drysdalia rhodogaster
Drysdalia rhodogaster
Drysdalia rhodogaster
Drysdalia rhodogaster
Drysdalia rhodogaster
Drysdalia rhodogaster

Snake Furina diadema (Red-naped Snake)

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Snake Hemiaspis signata (Swamp Snake)

Hemiaspis signata Hemiaspis signata (Greater Sydney specimen)
Hemiaspis signata

Snake Hoplocephalus bungaroides (Broad-headed Snake)

Hoplocephalus bungaroides Sydney Basin specimen, photo Patrick Campbell
Hoplocephalus bungaroides Morton National Park specimen, photo Nige Hartley
Hoplocephalus bungaroides
Hoplocephalus bungaroides

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Snake Morelia spilota spilota (Diamond Python)

Morelia spilota spilota Photo by Liz Allen
Morelia spilota spilota photo by Liz Allen
Morelia spilota spilota Photo by Harrison Warne
Morelia spilota spilota
Morelia spilota spilota
Morelia spilota spilota

Snake Notechis scutatus (Common Tiger Snake)

Notechis scutatus
Notechis scutatus
Notechis scutatus
Notechis scutatus
Notechis scutatus
Notechis scutatus

Snake Pseudechis porphyriacus (Red-bellied Black Snake)

Pseudechis porphyriacus
Pseudechis porphyriacus
Pseudechis porphyriacus
Pseudechis porphyriacus
Pseudechis porphyriacus
Pseudechis porphyriacus

Snake Pseudonaja textilis (Eastern Brown Snake)

Pseudonaja textilis
Pseudonaja textilis
Pseudonaja textilis
Pseudonaja textilis
Pseudonaja textilis
Pseudonaja textilis

Snake Ramphotyphlops nigrescens (Blackish Blind Snake)

Ramphotyphlops nigrescens
Ramphotyphlops nigrescens
Ramphotyphlops nigrescens
Ramphotyphlops nigrescens
Ramphotyphlops nigrescens
Ramphotyphlops nigrescens

Snake Vermicella annulata (Common Bandy-bandy)

Vermicella annulata
Vermicella annulata

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