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Lilies & Irises Lilies & Irises

Overview

Within the Southern Highlands Nature Map, this group includes any herbaceous monocot that has prominent flowers in which the flower parts are in two whorls. Monocots have one seed leaf compared to two in dicotyledons. Mature plants are recognised by parallel longitudinal veins in their often narrow leaves and by having flowers parts in threes or multiples of three.

Identification is largely on differences in flower parts, the number of flowers borne at each part of the stem from which a leaf is attached or on the form of basal leaves. Ideally records for lilies and irises should include close-up photographs of the flowers and basal leaves and a shot that shows flower arrangement along the stem. 

There are around X lilies and irises in the wider Southern Highlands region, with about a quarter of all species being introduced plants from overseas. Most of the naturalised species, such as Jonquill, Grape Hyacinths and Freesia are largely confined to former settlements, with only Onion Grass being a major weed.

The more commonly observed species within this group include the Yellow Rush Lily, Bulbine Lily, Nodding Blue Lily and Early Nancy. Plants of the latter either bear male or female flowers so it really should be called Early Nancy and Ned.

Being vulnerable to grazing, many of the native species are relatively uncommon including Milkmaids, Blue Grass-lily, Pale Flax-lily, Twining Fringe-lily and Wire lilies. New locations of any of these species are particularly encouraged to be reported via Southern Highlands Nature Map.  

Page 1 of Lilies & Irises - 75 species

Agapanthus praecox subsp. orientalis
Agapanthus praecox subsp. orientalis
Agapanthus praecox subsp. orientalis
Agapanthus praecox subsp. orientalis
Agapanthus praecox subsp. orientalis
Agapanthus praecox subsp. orientalis

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Lily & Iris Alocasia brisbanensis (Cunjevoi, Spoon Lily)

Aneilema biflorum Jackie Miles, Brogo
Aneilema biflorum

Lily & Iris Aristea ecklonii (Blue Stars)

Aristea ecklonii Jackie Miles
Aristea ecklonii Jackie Miles
Aristea ecklonii Jackie Miles
Aristea ecklonii
Aristea ecklonii
Aristea ecklonii

Lily & Iris Arthropodium fimbriatum (Chocolate Lily)

Arthropodium fimbriatum
Arthropodium fimbriatum
Arthropodium fimbriatum
Arthropodium fimbriatum
Arthropodium fimbriatum
Arthropodium fimbriatum

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Lily & Iris Arthropodium milleflorum (Vanilla Lily)

Arthropodium milleflorum
Arthropodium milleflorum
Arthropodium milleflorum
Arthropodium milleflorum
Arthropodium milleflorum
Arthropodium milleflorum

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Lily & Iris Arthropodium minus (Small Vanilla Lily)

Arthropodium minus
Arthropodium minus
Arthropodium minus
Arthropodium minus
Arthropodium minus
Arthropodium minus

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Lily & Iris Arthropodium strictum (Chocolate Lily)

Arthropodium strictum
Arthropodium strictum
Arthropodium strictum
Arthropodium strictum
Arthropodium strictum
Arthropodium strictum

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Lily & Iris Asphodelus fistulosus (Onion Weed)

Asphodelus fistulosus Jackie Miles
Asphodelus fistulosus Jackie Miles
Asphodelus fistulosus
Asphodelus fistulosus

Lily & Iris Blandfordia nobilis (Christmas Bells)

Blandfordia nobilis Jackie Miles, Jervis Bay area
Blandfordia nobilis Jackie Miles, Jervis Bay area
Blandfordia nobilis
Blandfordia nobilis

Lily & Iris Bulbine bulbosa (Golden Lily)

Bulbine bulbosa
Bulbine bulbosa
Bulbine bulbosa
Bulbine bulbosa
Bulbine bulbosa
Bulbine bulbosa

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Lily & Iris Burchardia umbellata (Milk Maids)

Burchardia umbellata
Burchardia umbellata
Burchardia umbellata
Burchardia umbellata
Burchardia umbellata
Burchardia umbellata

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Lily & Iris Caesia parviflora (Pale Grass-lily)

Caesia parviflora var. parviflora Jackie Miles
Caesia parviflora var. parviflora
Caesia parviflora var. parviflora
Caesia parviflora var. parviflora
Caesia parviflora var. parviflora
Caesia parviflora var. parviflora

Lily & Iris Caesia parviflora var. vittata (Pale Grass-lily)

Caesia parviflora var. vittata Jackie Miles
Caesia parviflora var. vittata Jackie Miles
Caesia parviflora var. vittata Jackie Miles
Caesia parviflora var. vittata
Caesia parviflora var. vittata
Caesia parviflora var. vittata

Lily & Iris Canna indica (Canna Lily)

Canna indica Jackie Miles, Illawarra coast
Canna indica Jackie Miles
Canna indica
Canna indica

Lily & Iris Chlorophytum comosum (Ribbon or Spider Plant)

Chlorophytum comosum Jackie Miles, variegated form
Chlorophytum comosum Jackie Miles
Chlorophytum comosum Jackie Miles
Chlorophytum comosum
Chlorophytum comosum
Chlorophytum comosum

Lily & Iris Commelina cyanea (Scurvy Weed)

Commelina cyanea Jackie Miles
Commelina cyanea Jackie Miles
Commelina cyanea
Commelina cyanea

Lily & Iris Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora (Crocosmia, Montbretia)

Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora

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Conservation Level

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Invasiveness

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